Map of the target areas of the project
SupMed aims to improve farmers resilience from Baalbeck-Hermel Region (Lebanon) and Luxor (Egypt) against climate change effects by reducing their dependance on water resources.
SupMed target areas in Egypt
Agricultural production in Luxor Governorate is 100% irrigated. Water resources of this irrigation come for 95% from the Nile whose level depends on climatic conditions in Ethiopia.
With an increase of 4°C of temperature and a decrease of 20% of rainfall, the level of the Nile will decrease of 98%. This decrease will stay important (88%) with an increase of 2C° and a decrease of rainfall of 20%. Several scenarios predict a decline of at least 10% of the Nile by 2095. This situation is all the more alarming because irrigation systems of Luxor Governorate are exclusively on surface with highly level of evaporative loss. Added to this, the drainage systems (mainly for washing the salt from the soil) are very old generating a significant decline of the soil fertilization.
Two areas have been identified as target areas in the Luxor Governorate: El Boghdadie and El Zanakta